There are various methods of parsing a URL to retrieve data from it. These methods include relative URLs, absolute URLs, and root-relative URLs. Relative URLs use the location of the page within a website to find and retrieve data that is on that same website.
It's no secret that the internet is full of unstructured data, and this can make it difficult to parse. Splittings strings into different variables or items in a query string is a common method for understanding the information contained within a URL.
URLs are composed of three components, namely, protocol, domain name, and filename. The most common protocols are HTTP and FTP.
The format of these URLs are as follows: