Base 64 is an encoding system designed for transmitting data across platforms without any change in the underlying binary representation of the data, so it can be used in any application where binary data needs to be transferred. Base64 is a well-known encoding method that converts binary data into text.
Converting an image file to base64 can be used as an alternative to storing the file in a database.
A web designer or developer often faces the dilemma of how to store images on a website. Storing images on a web server means that they will take up space and require additional processing time when loading the website. One solution is to use BASE64 encoding, which uses only ASCII characters meaning that it does not require additional processing time or space.